While going back to the era of 400-450 B.C. in Greece, Socrates was adjudged criminal in the eyes of court as he had committed crime of corrupting the youth of Athens through his teachings but the world today recognize him as one of the greatest philosopher of the ancient times. Durkheim (1966) puts it correctly that Socrates is a criminal if seen from the view point of those rulers; however, when seen from the current perspective, his contribution to mankind is immense as a pioneering advocate for the human freedom of expression and thought. The point is that crime cannot be seen as an abstract viewpoint; it is a complex process in itself and that is why defining the same is a most complicated exercise.
Between 1920 and 1947, M. K. Gandhi, during independence struggle of India, was imprisoned several times for his satyagrah and disobedient movements against the then British regime but the entire world now recognise him in high esteem as the biggest proponent of non-violence movement. In 1960s, Martin Luther king was imprisoned for his Civil Rights Movement as he had committed crime in the eyes of court then. Same is applicable to Nelson Mandela as he was imprisoned for 26 years in South Africa. His crime was that he was opposing a government who promoted the apartheid policies depriving the vast majority from their fundamental rights. The list is endless and it is very difficult to define the crimes of these people in most of the cases.
On 11 September 2001, one of the terrorist groups called Al-Qaeda destroyed the Twin Towers in New York killing thousands of people in the process. The US Secretary of State then declared it a massive crime against the US. The noteworthy point is that Al-Qaeda was created, supported and financed by the CIA of the US to wage a war against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. The question does arise who is real criminal? After the incident, the US president divided the world in two factions – one that is