hand, people from low income group could not afford to send their children to school or to avail of appropriate health care which aggravates their situation and subjects them to the circle of poverty where it is deemed challenging to improve their social class into higher levels of stratification. Likewise, society has set stereotypes that perceive people from a particular race or ethnic background to manifest defined traits or behavior (African Americans are bolder and more aggressive or Asians are more enterprising). Finally, social inequality affects gender through according women lesser status or access for promotions in the work setting and generates lesser incomes than men.
Racial, gender and class inequality are interrelated because, as noted, “one aspect of identity can change another” (Croteau and Hoynes 124-125). For example, the inability of lower income earners to access various resources is also related to the parallel difficulties of minorities (the elder and women) to support and sustain their living. If women could assert their social identities as being more capable and competent to assume higher roles in organizations and in society, then, the transformation could affect perceptions of inequality based on gender and social classes – more so, if these women come from distinct racial or ethnic groups.
The two types of poverty are absolute and relative. Absolute poverty means that the people are barely able to support and sustain their daily needs due to the lack of income and resources. On the other hand, relative poverty relates the inability of people to support and sustain daily needs with the general economic condition of society.
The common misconceptions about poverty in the United States are: (1) poverty does not exist in America. It has been evidently proven from the statistics taken by the U.S. Bureau of Census that there are in fact “46.2 million Americans living in poverty” (Beckmann 1); (2) that extreme poverty in the US is