On the other hand, people born into affluent families are placed highly in society and, even without personal effort, will be within reach of the good things in life. They are protected by the economic power of their parents’ status. Likewise, children born into middle class families have the ability to move upward or downward in class and are more prone to income insecurity.
An individual will set life goals depending on what is possible within the social class (Henslin, 2006). The negative effect could be that one may possess the intellect necessary for a high position in society from childhood but may not be able to develop and express it. An example would be a bright but poor child in sub Saharan Africa confined to starvation and a nomadic life. Such a child may benefit from financial empowerment that will help give him an education, but will most likely aim at acquiring cattle and go on with the nomadic life he was born into. He will set his life goals within the class he born, unless an opportunity to move out presents itself.
Life chances may be irrelevant in some spheres of life. An individual may be born in the lower classes of life or not have the necessary intellectual power to occupy high office in society. However, a sporting talent may be seen in him by sports scouts, eventually giving him a sports scholarship. Through effort and hard work, such a person may excel later in life in professional sports. Although he was born into humble beginnings, his success in sports will have many sporting brands looking to endorse him as a brand ambassador. He will have acquired a class which his life chances might not have naturally accorded him (Henslin, 2006).
The caste system is entrenched in religion and places people in occupational clusters through division of labor (Eitzen & Maxine, 1997). The system dictates one’s life chances due to its closed nature. There is no moving to another caste different from the one a person