In the Family Allowances Act the departure was the rejection of Beveridge’s recommended level of 8 shillings (whereby 1 shilling = 5 pence) for each child and adopted a weekly rate of five shillings. In social insurance, among the main departures in the National Insurance Act were: first, there was only a limited period of 12 months to unemployment benefit and not paid indefinitely. Secondly, the 20 year phasing was left out after the immediate introduction of the full-fat rate old-age pensions and the assessed benefit level was 131%. This is the same as that of Rowntree’s 1938 which was higher than the 125% from Beveridge’s recommendation. In social assistance, there was deviation in National Assistance Act that the support included the definite cost of housing that made the assistance higher than that of Beveridge’s report which included an average rent of ten shillings. This deviation ensured that a large number of beneficiaries could qualify for assistance (Spicker, 2011: 40-42).
The critical nature of these departures from the Beveridge’s integrated planning report was for a fact distorted so that he could not be held responsible for most failures but could be critiqued for being politically unrealistic. Further changes came later like the Graduated Pension Act that came into operation in 1961 and later again in 1971 changed to Strategy for Pension under the Tory Government (Spicker, 2011:42-45).
This paper will actively consider the changes in society during this period in terms of sociological and psychological developments that have taken place while utilising the qualitative data from semi-structured interviews with older participants. There exist several approaches in qualitative research that are operational and most of them have: interest in meanings, understandings, perspectives and have a focus on the natural settings. They also have an emphasis on the