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Universal Human Rights - Essay Example

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Universal Human Rights

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There are 30 articles in the UDHR. These articles describe the basic rights that are guaranteed to every person. The UDHR is based on the assumption that all humans enjoy universal equality. This is provided under the first two articles of the UDHR. Moreover, such equality is founded on the basic dignity that humanity enjoys. Such equality of human dignity leads to human rights that are applicable universally. Moreover, these rights are automatically provided to every individual. In addition, no person can be denied these rights for any reason or due to any act committed by that person. 2
Article 1 of the UDHR states that every human being has the same dignity and rights. It also states that people have conscience and reason and should act in a spirit of brotherhood towards each other. 3
Article 2 states that all the people have all the rights and freedoms specified in the UDHR. There can be no distinction of any kind. In other words, there can be no distinction on the basis of color, race, gender, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, birth, property or other status. 4
Civil and political rights are described from Article 3 to Article 21 of the UDHR. The rights described under these articles are the right to life, liberty, fair trial, free speech, personal security, free speech, and movement. Moreover, these articles provide the right of freedom from arbitrary arrest, slavery, and torture. 5
On the other hand, Articles 22 through 27 of the UDHR specify the cultural, economic, and social rights. These rights are essential for the dignity and development of every individual. Some of the economic rights under this category are the right to social security, economic work – related rights, right to fair payment and leisure. The social rights are the right to a sufficient standard of health, well – being and education. Finally, one of the cultural rights provided by the UDHR is the ...Show more

Summary

Its task was to draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Several countries sent their representatives to take part in this process. The UN adopted the UDHR on 10 December…
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