can be regarded as appealing to all sexes, certainly men and masculinity are at the heart of the discussion since they are the subject under discussion. The most critical engagement of the film appears to highlight the relevance for contemporary representation of gender and masculinity. The main discussion in the film can be regarded as embodying forces of feminization that men undergo as they have interactions with the consumerist in an economy, which tends to be service oriented (Lizardo 221). Interpretations have explored the film as an ode to the crisis of conventional conceptions of manhood within the post-industrial society, or as embodying a crypto-reactionary response against the disempowerment of men within the late capitalist environment.
The debate on masculinity explores men and women’s behaviour instead of their physiological attributes as the premise that defines masculinity and femininity. In the film, this notion remains demonstrated in the scene where the narrator attends the testicular cancer survivors meeting (Lizardo 221). The men preserve their masculinity irrespective of having lost their testicles owing to cancer. Despite losing his testicles, Bob proceeds to join and fight in fight club so as to re-masculine himself. Similarly, masculine characteristics can feature among women in attributes such as power, strength, and independence.
The film depicts the U.S. society (and by large the west) as superficial, fake, consumerist, and dehumanizing society where individuals no longer manifest authentic emotions. The lack of authenticity within the contemporary society can also be examined in the representation of masculinity. Traditionally, masculinity is depicted as premised on the deep-seated exclusion of women. The film can be regarded as misogynist whereby there is hatred for women as a sexually defined group.
The film represents a structural feminization of the conventional (working class) masculine figure as men increasingly become part