All social movements have a common social goal in their objectives. This paper primarily focuses on describing three social movements and their impacts on gender.
Social movements are mostly informal unlike clubs or political parties that have leaders and flag bearers who represent the rest of the group. A social movement is based more on an individuals moral standing and belief, and its membership is not fully defined. Additionally, it does not have any legal binding. Therefore, the only way a social movement remains in existence is through commitment and loyalty of its members to its ideologies and objectives. They do not have an exact size because there is no formal registration of members to determine their numbers. Social movements have in their agendas the notion of bringing about social change, and the methods they use to implement their ideals is used to categorize them as either moderate or radical social movements and they can also be legitimate or underground. This categorization is influenced by their nature of conducting business. Revolutionary and radical social movements are prone to reliance on violence and civil disobedience while moderates are more inclined to use dialogue and parliamentary and legal manoeuvring.
There are various reasons to explain the emergence of social movements, and they include psychological and social reasons. Psychologically, individuals derive a sense of belonging and attain a status when they belong to a social movement. Social factors, like poverty and age groups, can lead to the formation of a social movement with its members representing a group that needs some change. Most social movements hold regular demonstrations in the hope that they promise delivery of a desired change.
Deprivation is another leading cause for the formation of social movements because individuals will come together to address the