More than 200 member countries of United Nations identified eight development goals and two of them were directly related with food security. More than 50% reduction in poverty and hunger is directly depended upon the sustainability of natural resources of agriculture such as climate, water, and biodiversity. In this paper, the global food security in Tanzania is addressed with its different aspects. Current food crops and expected food crops of Tanzania will be discussed. Food crops aimed for the domestic use also include in this paper. Trade agreements of Tanzania with WTO and other food organizations will be addressed. The food security plan in Tanzania is also seen from the urban gardening and role of women in its growth.
Main food crops grown in Tanzania include as rice, maize, pulses cashew nuts, beans, groundnuts, mangoes, bananas, plantains and oranges. White Potato, Sweat Potato, barley, sorghum, millet, cloves, cassava, pepper and cinnamon are other important crops of Tanzania. In Southern Highlands, the wheat is grown in the district of Njombe. Major export of Tanzania is the cashew nuts in world. Cash crops of Tanzania are tea, coffee, tobacco, cotton, cloves, pyrethrum, oil seeds and horticulture crops. Sisal is another export of the Tanzania. Coconut, and sugarcane are also export crops of Tanzania (Ndembwike, 2006:106). Most important root and Tuber crop of Tanzania is Sweet Potato after Solanum Potato and Cassava. Sweet potato as a national food crop ranks at fourth position after maize, cassava and beans. Crops are the important for the food security and mainly used for home consumption. Yield of sweet potato per hectare is about 5.5 ton in Tanzania. Both sweet potato and Cassava are the main crops for the people in days of hunger. Sweet Potato and Cassava were not grown on a large scale in the wetter districts. Introduction of modified crops can result into introduction of dairy goats in the dry and