There are also quarters in society calling for its legalization due to the increasing number of people who already died while waiting for organ donor which contributed to the brisk business in the black market (Sally, 2006).
The most applicable sociological theory applicable to this issue is the social conflict approach. This sociological approach, sociologists “sociologists investigate how factors such as social class, race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, and age are linked to a society’s unequal distribution of money, power, education, and social prestige. A conflict analysis rejects the idea that social structure promotes the operation of society as a whole, focusing instead on how social patterns benefit some people while hurting others (Macionis, 2008 pg. 15). This become fitting for this social issue because the society’s unequal distribution of money, power and education has created a social pattern of trading organ that could hurt others while benefiting others. This grim social pattern illegal organ trade is well documented where young men from Moldova were promised work in Turkey finding that when they get there they face a choice between selling a kidney or ending up dead in the Bosporus (Shearmur, 2008). There were also news about illegal organ harvesting from prisoners who were executed in China.
The unknown aspect of the issue that would benefit from further inquiry is to answer the long standing question about organ trade which is “would it be possible to make it legal and regulate it? Will regulation removed the horrible aspect of illegal trade?” There had been calls from many quarters in society especially those who are waiting for organ transplant to legalize organ trade so that there will be more lives that will be saved without resorting to black market which fuels the grim aspect of the trade.
The known aspect of this social issue is obvious. Illegal organ trade is deadly