Many sociologists and different schools of thoughts have written texts about this. Nonetheless, unless social solidarity is advanced or maintained, crime and delinquency will arise.
The Chicago School has had a lot of influence with regards to crime and delinquency. Notably, the Chicago school had developed after World War One with its emphasis on urbanization and immigration as the main drivers of social change, which led to the rise of social crime due to social disorganization. Notably, the rapid urbanization and industrialization synonymous with the 20th century were followed by massive tides of immigration to the US. However, the Chicago school had lots of ideas with regards to social order and human nature, which led some criminological theorists toward control theories that did not take conformity for granted as the natural order (Lily, Cullen, & Ball., 2011). Some say that the human offspring depends on other humans within the family setting for a long time.
Reiss’s Theory of Personal and Social Controls also tackle issues dealing with delinquency. In one of his articles, Albert J. Reiss defined certain terminologies pertaining to criminology studies. According to him, personal control was the individual ability to desist meeting needs in approaches that clash with the rules and norms of the community. Social control, on its part, was the ability of social institutions and groups to make rules or norms effective (Lily, Cullen, & Ball., 2011). According to him, delinquency comes about where there is a comparative absence of internalized rules and norms that govern behavior in line with the social system norms synonymous with legal penalties. Reiss also reiterates that conformity arises when an individual accepts roles and rules or when the individual merely submits to them.
Moreover, Nye’s Family-Focused Theory of Social Controls expounds of the Chicago