General Perspectives Crime denotes any breach of rules or laws that are punishable by some governing authority using mechanisms such as legal systems. Certain crimes may also carry fewer repercussions such as cautions or warnings and they might also be unenforced. …
Although by definition all crimes tend to breach the law but not all breaches of law are termed as crimes. For instance, breaches of civil law such as a breach of contract may only be termed as an offence or as an infraction. The severity of such breaches of law is lower and hence they carry lower punishment. Crime is generally regarded as offence against the state by modern societies. This is different from torts that are seen as offences against private parties that give rise to civil cause of action (Burgess & Akers, 1966). As society expands, informal relationships and their sanctions are inadequate to establish and sustain a desired social order. In these circumstances, the government or the state has to impose more formalised and rigid approaches to social control. The agents of the state are entrusted to compel the masses to conform to agreed rules and laws using institutional and legal frameworks and machinery. These mechanisms may choose to punish or reform the non-conformant sections of society. 1.2. Sociological Perspectives The normative approach to sociology tends to view crime as various forms of deviant behaviour that tend to violate prevailing norms and cultural standards used to define normal human behaviour in society.
Crime is a complex phenomenon that is influenced by a number of factors including political, economic, social and psychological conditions at any point in time. Furthermore, any changes in these conditions will induce changes in the definition of criminal acts. Hence, the definition of crime and its form as well as legal, law enforcement and other penal responses made by society evolve as crime evolves (Dantzker & Hunter, 2000). The sociological approach to crime tries to consider the complex realities that influence criminal behaviour and the complex responses made by society in the wake of criminal behaviour. The structural realities used to define and deal with crime tend to remain fluid and may cause contention in society. There is a social tendency to criminalise or decriminalise certain kinds of behaviour as cultural changes and political changes emerge (Fox, 1981). Consequently, these changes have a direct bearing on the statistical crime rate, the allocation of resources to deal with criminal behaviour and general public opinion on criminal behaviour. In a similar manner, any changes in the collection techniques or calculation techniques for crime data tend to alter public perception of crime. Generally, these changes influence public perception of the extent of a “crime problem” above anything else. These adjustments to crime statistics along with people’s everyday experiences tend to influence public perception on the extent to which law or other social engineering mechanisms should be used by the state to encourage conformance to social norms. Therefore, the scientific study of crime and criminal behaviour is critical to public perception on crime. This method of looking at crime is better known as criminology and is discussed below in detail. 2. Criminology The scientific study of the nature, causes, extent and control of criminal behaviour on an individual and in the social perspective is better known as criminology. Criminology requires an interdisciplinary approach within the domain of behavioural sciences using knowledge gathered from sociology, psychology, anthropology and law (Jones, 2006). The bulk of research in criminology is diverted ...
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The students of Gigantic State University committed the crime by furiously entering the building of President and threatened the secretary of President, Prudence Pimply by showing a gun. Prudence Pimply was much shocked for this event and as a result she was not in a proper state of mind to manage her work properly.
Psychology Your name Course name Instructor’s name Institution City and State of the institution Date of submission Introduction There are a number of events that happen in relation to crime which requires an adequate analysis in order to arrive at effective conclusive results regarding the investigation (Erickson, 2013).
It is also important to figure out is it the physiological (or biological) factors of the body and not at mental aspects of the brain.
Human actions are governed by incentives and disincentives. We are attracted by the hope of pleasure or gain, deterred by the fear of pain or loss.
tend to follow and abide by laws just as seriously as the law enforcing agencies are serious about implementing laws and holding the criminals accountable.
In my homeland, I have never passed a traffic interchange at a Red signal. I attribute this to my awareness that if I do
Therefore, simple answer of above question is mentioned as agreed because fear of crime is also related with increment of victimization rates. This scenario is highly sensitive for human beings as they cannot live
The media is awash with reports of crime, and this has led to the question of the effect that media has on crime. The media constructs various criminal and the crimes that they commit based on their age, gender, ethnicity and social class. People’s
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