As with male gangs, there are peculiar behaviors and roles that are pertinent to female gangs in the way they are structured and their mode of operation. This paper therefore seeks to explain the female gang families, their roles, behavior and structures in close relation to the family.
Historically the role of females in a gang has been auxiliary as a way of supporting and enabling the male counterparts perpetrates their crimes with little or no suspicion. The existence of females in gangs has been to execute subjective roles such as girlfriends, objects for sexual satisfaction, conduits for trafficking drugs as well as weapon carrying mules (Kinnear, 2009). However, research studies conducted in the recent past indicate that this trend is fast changing, and women are moving away from the subordinate role. This has led to the rapid growth of female gangs so as to be independent, and voice their needs better as opposed to mixed gangs were the male are dominant with lesser risk exposure. Statistics indicate that the participation of females in gangs is on the increase. The gangs are linked to violent and delinquent activities in the society which are aimed at attaining status, recognition, security and monetary rewards. The females in the gangs assume different roles and have a code that governs their behavior within and outside the gang.
According to research conducted of female gang members, it has been established that a greater fraction of the gang members come from a family background that is economically impoverished. The societies where female gangs thrive in are where there are poor education structures and systems with limited and often no job opportunities. This gives the correlation that poverty has with the rise of gangs. As a result, the females in the gangs resort to social vices which promise them quick financial rewards such as trafficking drugs, prostitution and participating in other heinous crimes.
In an attempt to boost their low