Studies have revealed that over five thousand unaccompanied youths die every year as a result of illness, assault or suicide (Thompson et al., 2013).
Statistics obtained from the National Runaway Switchboard indicates that the existing recession has contributed to an increase in runaway and homeless youths (“Understanding the Health Care Needs of Homeless Youth,” 2012). Between the years 2005 and 2008, there was a two hundred percent increase in calls coming from the youths citing economic reasons for running away from their homes. A survey conducted in 2008 in school districts revealed that there was an upsurge of homeless students. It is worth noting that the exact number of homeless students is difficult to determine since there is no standard methodology to monitor mobility of the homeless people. Additionally, studies have revealed that youths between ages twelve and seven are at a high risk of becoming homeless compared to adults (“Understanding the Health Care Needs of Homeless Youth,” 2012).
Homeless youths who do not receive counseling services often perform dismally in school. Additionally, it is reported that they have high grade retention and school mobility. All these make it difficult for the adolescents to concentrate on the school work and perform exemplary in their respective academic disciplines (Slesnick, Kang, Bonomi, & Prestopnik, 2008). It is a fact that stability is an essential facet for a healthy emotional and physical development and for children. Therefore, moves irrespective of the reasons that disrupt the day-to-day routines of adolescents require lots of adjustments to make them cope (Slesnick, Prestopnik, Meyers, & Glassman, 2007). Several studies carried on students who move from one place to another have revealed stressful transitions on the part of students even in instances where the move was planned. In this regard, homeless children face sudden, unexpected and traumatic