The federally funded U.S programs began in the 1930’s during the great Depression. The united state Government responded the overwhelming families in need of aid by creating a welfare program to provide assistance to those who have little or no income. The eligibility for a Welfare Program depends on numerous factors. These factors are gross and net income, size of the family, any crisis situation such as medical emergencies, pregnancy, homelessness or unemployment. The programs which are managed by U.S. Government are primary and secondary education, subsidized college education, unemployment and disability insurance, income subsidies for low age workers, housing subsidies, food stamps, pensions and health insurance programs that cover public employees. The largest and most important entitlement program is the Social Security Program. Currently total social welfare expenditure constitutes 35 % of GDP. United States Social programs and their Beneficiaries Social Welfare Programs on Poverty Reduction There are many programs established to reduce poverty in the United States of America. Poverty in a country like united state is a challenge especially for children living in poverty. The most significant program designed to reduce poverty was old age pensions provided through social security in 1960. Social Security was an extraordinary social program. At the end of 20th century this program eliminated poverty among elderly. Other programs were also established but they were poorly funded.
There are many other programs which were aimed at reducing poverty including “Aid to Families with Dependent Children” or (AFDC). This was a great program which was primarily designed for families with children. AFDC was passed in the 20th century. This program provided funds to single women having children. This program had many drawbacks so it was abandoned. There was also another program designed EITC (Earned Income Tax Credit) which is for the poor working people. Unlike AFDC, this program is for the poor working force whose income is inadequate. AFDC is replaced by another program Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program (TANF). Inspite of all these programs there is still poverty in United States. Critics have defined the reasons why these programs may fail to reduce poverty.(Crook 1997; Friedman and Friedman 1997; Lee1987; Stigler 1970; Tullock 1971). The reason is that a substantial share of these benefits goes to the middle and upper classes rather than the poor. These programs have detrimental effects. The greater benevolent welfare benefits do not comprise higher poverty rates than those with low benefits rates. Food Stamp Social Welfare Program There is a program which is called The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). This program is Federal aided, governed by the Food and Nutrition Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. However the benefits this program brings are shared and circulated by individual U.S. states. The other and more common name of this program is Food Stamp Program. The Food Stamps Program helps low income people to buy food. It is Federal Government Program and it is run by State or local agencies. During the year of 2010 great amount of the budget was served for Food Stamps program. It was 65 billion dollars and nearest 133 dollars for an individual. It was also reported that in the year of 2011(46,224,722) Americans were benefited