Women who are employed have a more favorable attitude to childbearing outside marriage while on the contrary both married and non-married men are less favorable for having children outside wedlock. The other factor which did not show any significant effect on the attitude towards non-marital childbearing was parental cohabitation or divorce.
The study used samples from the Oxford and Middlesex counties in Ontario, Canada and a stratified-cluster random sampling method to select sample households on the basis of areas and income levels. Majority of the sample was from metropolitan regions (63%) while 20 and 17% of the study households belonged to smaller towns and rural areas. People aged above 18 in each household were administered questionnaires that included items regarding marriage and childbearing, division of work within the family and other programs and policies pertaining to family and children.
3. List two pieces of data/information that the author uses to support his/her argument that is drawn from his/her research (Not just 2 random facts from the article - these must be facts/data from the research that the author uses to support the main idea that you identify above.). Explain how the evidence is related to the main idea. (2 X 2 = 4 marks)
The study found a strong and significant relation between cohabitation in the first relationship with a partner to a positive attitude towards childbearing outside marriage as they tend to have a less positive attitude towards marriage and favor divorce and having children within the cohabitation union. “Respondents who began their first relationship as a cohabiting union tend to hold more positive attitudes to childbearing