The Senate passed the legislation with the aim of eliminating gang activity and encourage the youths to avoid gang involvement. To do this, the act stipulated for the enhancement of law enforcement resources committed to investigate and prosecute violent gang and consequently deter and punish gang crimes in the view to protect law-abiding citizens from violent gangs. The motion to introduce the appeal was introduced by Senator Dianne Fienstein and was co-sponsored by 44 members. The legislation went past three committees of the house; the house education and the workforce, the house energy and commerce, the house judiciary and the senate judiciary (Kinnear, 2009).
The introduction of the legislation had a great impact in combating criminal gang activities. For instance, the bill increased funding of for department of justice among other federal government institutions such as the FBI that are integral on the coordination of federal enforcement laws against gang activity. In particular, in the following year after it was passed, the government authorized at least three million dollars annually. This fund was intended to facilitate the creation of a national training center for training of local law enforcement agencies on the prevention of gang violence. Additionally, the bill authorized for release of $250 million that helped in the introduction of intervention programs for the at-risk youth. The program integrated the High Intensity Interstate Gang Activity Area Program (HIGAA) that facilitated the Federal and State cooperation in the prevention of gang activities. Furthermore, the bill had instant positive impact on the fight against gang because saw to the expansion of the scope of predicate crimes by authorization of wire, oral and electronic communication to cover the violations related to criminal street gangs.
According to Kinnear (2009), the high success rate of the Gang abatement and prevention