The theoretical arguments of critical criminology are: 1) social order is not based on public consensus and 2) traditional criminology is too simplistic in its deterministic perspective of crime (Lilly et al., 2011, p.205). Critical criminology argues that grand narratives about social order and truth are not valid because a more powerful group controls their definitions, purposes, and directions. Critical criminology wants to debunk the entrenched position of traditional criminology with its given assumptions and concepts. Critical criminologists argue that capitalism exploits and alienates social groups to serve the interests of the elite class. Taylor et al., some of the proponents of critical criminology, were criticized, nevertheless, because their discussion of conventional criminology did not offer a valid way of thinking about crime since they did not sufficiently criticize all forms of determinism and classical thought (Lilly et al., 2011, p.206). Critical criminology was also challenged for its self-serving interests and heuristic explanation of crime. Early left realism focused on the origins and effects of crime on the working class, through analyzing the etiology of crime. Its proponents concentrated on studying crime victims, where people are considered vulnerable because of their socio-economic conditions. Early left realists advocated for lighter sanctions for small and victimless forms of crimes and offered solutions to socio-economic causes of crimes.
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This paper "Criminological Theory: New Directions" discusses various forms of critical criminology in the research “Chapter Nine: New Directions in Critical Theory” of Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences…
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It is radical in that crime is seen as an endemic product of the class and patriarchal nature of advanced industrial society. (Clarke, 1980, 136-47) It is not a cosmetic criminology of an establishment
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