TANF and AFDC Programs, Educational Problems in the US
TANF and AFDC Programs, Educational Problems in the US - Essay Example
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Aid to Dependent Children (ADC) was the first federal welfare program started by President Roosevelt in 1935. By the time President Clinton took over power in 1993, there was a national consensus that traditional open-ended welfare had failed (Neckerman, 89). This prompted the state government to undertake experimentations of welfare within the constraints that the federal government allowed them. There are differences between the new welfare scheme Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) programs. First, TANF changed the funding structure (Bourdieu, 51). The old welfare program (AFDC) had entitlement funding system. That is, an increase in the caseload resulted in more state funding from the federal funds. The new program utilizes a fixed funding system. This means the state governments were forced to bear the extra cost in case of an increase in caseloads and a decline in the caseloads will see the state governments continue receiving their fixed amount of federal funds. The surplus could be used for other state projects. The problem with AFDC was never with the welfare system, or rather it was something to do with low-wage work. AFDC increased poverty, put people from welfare into homeless shelters, lowered income and children for single mothers and left states free to entirely eliminate welfare (Bourdieu, 88). These problems arose because the affected did not show up for an appointment or because they never received notification for the meeting (Zastrow and Karen, 11). However, under the 1996 welfare reforms, TANF main aim was to help move recipients into work and turn welfare into a program of temporary assistance. For this reason, the needy families did not have to depend on the program entirely hence no appointments. With TANF, the federal eligibility and most payment rules were abolished. This ensured that the states had the much greater flexibility to design their own programs including who to include in the welfare program (Bourdieu, 147). This was not the case with AFDC program.
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The paper "TANF and AFDC Programs, Educational Problems in the US" describes that there are differences between the new welfare scheme Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) programs. First, TANF changed the funding structure…
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3 pages (750 words)Essay
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