The media though discussing the issue in detail has not been of help apart from making a sensational debate in a hysterical manner, which has not succeeded in solving he issue (Marsh e al, 1996). Most people are quick to blame the violence of some thugs or ‘scum’ whose interest is not to enjoy the game, but to populate the terraces with a view of causing chaos after. Social scientists have devoted their efforts in explaining the behaviour of fans and the factors to blame for the violence, but with no much success. However, to prove the seriousness of the issues the Leicester University sought to devote a whole centre aimed at researching on football and hooliganism, which made a great breakthrough in understanding the nature and trends of the menace in football. Soon after, many academicians and universities realized the seriousness of the issue and embarked on studies to understand the nature and the cause of football violence across Europe. Other than using theoretical perspectives, academicians zeroed in on understating the behaviours of fans in their hometowns, and the factors that may be blamed for triggering such violence in football matches (Mash et al, 1996). The contributions of Leicester University in demystifying football hooliganism lead to formation of a sociological school of thought based on Leicester University studies, which made wide ranging breakthroughs in understanding the vice and laying a platform on which numerous scholars based their studies.
Leicester University scholars responded to earlier theories that tried to explain football hooliganism and how it could be approached, through a ‘figuration sociological approach’ that borrowed heavily from the theory of civilizing process by Norbert Elias (Spaaij, 2006). One of the school’s explanations was that over the years, values that are characteristic of a civilized behaviour had manifested in several classes