Since change is inevitable, problems also adapt to the evolution happening in the surroundings. No matter how people strive for perfection, there will always be some challenges and problems that will come out. Providing solutions to the societal problems cannot eliminate those problems completely, but those issues can be controlled (Jamrozik and Nocella 1998: 1). Despite of being controlled, there are a number of factors that affect the existence of those kinds of problems. To make the discussion clearer, take teen pregnancy as an example of the societal problems that exist today. The issue of teen pregnancy has caught the attention of people for decades even the popular media had branded it as “Children having Children” (Pillow 2004: 18). That shows how the young people have started exploring their sexuality and engages with the act of sex without knowing anything about pregnancy. Probably education has something to do with that issue as the norms are broken down and the young people tend to explore due to their curiosity (Pillow 2007: 137). Some western nations like United Kingdom and other European countries dealt with the issue of teen pregnancy and sexuality by having sexual openness and sex education. Sex education then is used as an intervention that has various forms and may have different effects on the teen behavior and teen fertility rates. Some forms of sex education may have moderate term effects while others usually have short-term effects. The differences in impact depend upon the nature, methods and effectiveness of the education programs on sexuality. The programs then also have different aims ranging from abstinence to the increase in sexual knowledge, change in sexual behaviors and promotion of contraception for preventing unwanted pregnancies (Arai 2009: 95). The effectiveness then varies from one method of education to another in terms of reducing the cases of teen pregnancy. Some studies have proven that abstinence was able to lower the unwanted case of pregnancy specifically teen pregnancy as the youths learned to postpone sexual engagement. Some experts criticized the effects of abstinence and that only education as the sole solution to the prevailing societal problem was not enough as it was not able to reduce the ignorance of people on sexuality. The youths may not be able to know how sexual diseases are transmitted and how to protect themselves. They may also have no awareness on the mechanics of sex towards pregnancy that leads to inability to protect them from unwanted pregnancy. Also the abstinence only education has some adverse effects on the motivation of the young people to protect themselves from diseases caught from sexual acts (Parke and Stewart 2011: 447). Abstinence-based education actually started in the 1990s and they primarily used fear to drive the motivation of the youths away from any form of sexual contact. They made use of some mottos that depict the following: the dogs are to be pet and not the date and also do the proper thing by waiting for marriage before engaging into sex. That form of education exaggerated the effects of sex as harmful and very risky. In particular, the system endorses sex as an activity that is not for children, and that sex outside of marriage is harmful for the body. In addition, the children formed outside of marriage may experience many difficulties in the society and may not
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Teen Pregnancy: A Form of Deviance1 (Name) (University) (Professor) (Course-Date) Teen Pregnancy: A Form of Deviance Teen pregnancy has been a controversy for decades around the world. It becomes a hot topic as critics bombard the issue with their various theories regarding its existence and suggest many varying solutions that can lessen and control the prevalence…
An increase in the rate of teen pregnancies always leads to an increase in abortion, which is one of the major social issues associated with teen pregnancies. Abortion in medical science is a process in which doctors, with the approval of the pregnant women, kill the fetus in order to terminate the pregnancy.
Teen pregnancy is a big social problem all over the world and the United States is also not an exception. Even though all the ethnic groups in America are vulnerable to this problem, Latina community seems to be the most vulnerable community to this problem.
The fact is that this rate is twice as much as the rate in UK and Canada. Almost 0.75 million teens get pregnant in US every year, with the State of Nevada having the highest teen pregnancy rate where 11 teens out of every 100 teens report teenage pregnancy.
Marriage not only provided economic but moral support as well to both the mother and children. It was in the late 1960’s early 1970’s when the problem of teenage pregnancy came into being when the public and policy concern shifted. According to the UNICEF
pregnancy and parenthood with the attendant lack of educational progress, the rate of aids in the African American community particularly among the African American men. “About 4 out of 10 girls in the United States will get pregnant by age 20 - about 1-million of them each
The purpose of this paper is to determine the major causes behind teen pregnancy among Latinas. The paper will focus on the qualitative aspects based on the various quantitative surveys already done across the various ethnic groups