In this arrangement, women are historically associated with the domestic sphere or private sphere and men with the public sphere.
Engels assumed that this division of labor was both natural and egalitarian, meaning that neither of the spheres was valued over the others. However with the rise of patriarchal nuclear family and property relations between men and women transformed this balanced division of labor. This created hierarchical order in the human societies where women’s labor, personality and sexuality were undervalued and controlled.
The origin of the family links the association of women with the domestic sphere and men with the public sphere. The origin of the family and marriage is related to the narrowing of kinship relations to patriarchal nuclear family with increased economic specialization.
There are at least three sources of the origin of the family. First, are the social and physical lives of non human primates. All primates share some characteristics which were preconditions for the evolution of the human family. To begin with, young ones are born relatively helpless. They need attention of the parents for over months and years. The long childhood and maternal care produce close relations between the young ones and the mothers who exist together and help to tend to the juniors till they grow up. Secondly, monkeys and apes like human beings mate in all the months of the year instead of Estrus. Due to biological evolution, human female’s sexuality is regulated by mental images, emotions, cultural rules and preferences. This makes human beings and other primates distinct from other specific mammals such as all primates form bands, troops composed of both sexes and the children who need protection. Primates therefore socialize continuously through mutual grooming, playing and frequent sexual relations.
Second, the tools and home sites of prehistoric and proto human beings discovered through