There is a greater degree of differing on the definition of the term victim in different aspects of the law. However, there are some basic factors that are essential to this definition. If the injury caused to the individual or the party offended is adequate, then the term victim can be used to refer to them. Proximate cause of the injury is a factor that needs to be observed when defining the affected individuals as either victims or not. There is an absence of victim definition in some laws. The absence of victim definition in law is a major flaw, more so in the administration of justice (Martha, 529). It is difficult to give any substantial judgment based on an undefined terminology. This is so because; it makes the judgments given lack consistency and adequate guidance. The issue of victim involvement in cases has been on the limelight since the 1970s. As to whether victims should be allowed to testify at sentencing and receive money or restitution from offenders is a controversial issue. Victims were not substantially considered in the justice system until the 1970s. The justice system only featured the judge, the prosecutor and the offender (Gary, 74). This aspect made the victims of crimes feel left out and have an attitude that the perpetrators of criminal activities against them were advantageous and more valued than did the victims. This fact made the victims distance themselves so much from the justice system, such that the prosecutors had a difficult time persuading the victims to testify in cases involving them (Andrew, 23). While the defendants or the offenders have several rights entrenched in the laws to safeguard against their exploitation by the justice system, not much has been done regarding the issues of the victim. A large percentage of the victims are dissatisfied with the justice system (Michael, 42). Therefore, the issue of allowing the victims to testify at sentencing of an offender is of paramount interest to the victims. This is because, they can get an opportunity to influence the direction that sentencing takes. Getting restitution or receiving money is another important aspect in the victims legal process, as they need to be compensated for the damages and injuries caused to them by the offenders. However, this is dependent on the nature of the injury and the extent of victim’s involvement in the injurious activity. In-court impact statement The involvement of the victim to testify at the sentencing of the offende
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“Position Paper for Criminal Justice Class Term Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/60640-position-paper-for-criminal-justice-class.
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Name: Course: Date: Position paper for criminal justice class The definition of a victim is an essential aspect of the law. A victim is defined as a person or the party that suffers from a destructive or injurious action of others (Gary, 62). This definition however, is dependent on other factors, when it comes to law…
Criminal Justice System Lecture. America is comprised of people from different racial and ethnic backgrounds especially as a result of slavery and massive European immigration. The races consist of the Native Americans, whites, Hispanics, Latinos and African Americans.
The participation of these victims has become the new phenomenon in most courts. The International Criminal Court would be a perfect example in this case. The drafting of the statute of the ICC chose to broaden the scope of victim participation (Schabas 67).
According to Victor (2008), juveniles are using crime to satisfy their immediate needs. An example of such a case is Juan, a teenager in California who opts to engage in crime when rebelling against the authorities. The offender resorted to crime instead of using ethical means in solving his challenges.
A crime is a legal wrong. It is an act, default, conduct or omission which is prejudicial to the society, the commission of which warranties punishment either by way of imprisonment or payment of a fine as a method of punishment or both, and or any other appropriate form of punishment as Courts deem it fit in a just society.
However, the foundations of plea bargaining are a throwback to the adversarial system of justice, whereby the main function of the system trial is to identify the material truth and ascertaining which contesting party can offer a better case. Pleas are supposed to be tendered during trials not to be rewarded but to as part of the procedural system.
The U.S. does not have any regulation or law that forbids the police and investigators from making misleading statements, deceiving the suspects on the strength of their case, or lying that they have a witness who saw the suspect committing the crime. This paper aims at analyzing the use of deception by police officers and investigators during interrogation.
On the other hand, Boone County musicians saw them as rebels who have either psychological problems or socio-economic issues (Doering & Nitzberg, 2009). This paper analyzes the case of the Whites in the documentary film The Wild and Wonderful Whites of West Virginia, produced by Doering and directed by Nitzberg (2009).
The US justice system has already addressed this problem like in almost every nation around the world by imposing stiffer penalties, which include death penalty or capital punishment in order to prevent the
One of the constitutional violations represented in the movie is bribing aspect of the former Luzerne County Judge by the name Mark Ciavarella Jr. Bribery is unconstitutional and hence the judge violated constitution by accepting bribes (Ecenbarger 4).
The judge also
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