There are two main forms of adoption. They are the open adoption and the closed adoption. Open adoption involves adoptive and biological parents interacting in the adoption process. In this type of adoption, the adopted child gets a chance to know her true biological parents and the child can get occasional visits from the parents. However, this has to be agreed between the adoptive and biological parents (Healey 56). There can also be a legal binding between the two sets of parents on how they are supposed to take care of the child. Open adoption allows for the two sets of parents to meet and share information about the child. Open adoption offers a child an extended family where both the adoptive and biological parents are present in the life of the adopted child. Statistics indicate that there is an increase in open adoption in the US, despite the challenges that are associated with this form of adoption (Healey 60).
Closed adoption hides all identification information. No information on the biological parents, the child, or the adoptive parents is divulged to the other party. The biological parents never know who adopted their child while the adoptive parents also do not get to know the biological parents of their adopted child or children.