This concept looks at crime as a result of anger and frustration, as it focuses on the structure of the society and the inability of individuals to achieve their dreams due to scarce means. His concept anomie explains the Strain Theory. This theory is based on the structure of the society and the inability of people to achieve their means. Everyone in the society is expected to succeed in their respective areas, be educated, powerful and own different material wealth (Glick, 2005). The society expects individuals to attain such huge success in spite of their varying economic abilities. According to Glick, people in the lower class group and other discriminated groups in the society are unable to reach such success and end up frustrated. It is the as a result of frustrations and anger that people feel inferior to attain their dreams. He adds that these people get desperate and eventually end up with criminal behavior. In conclusion, D. Emile indicates that the societies in which people dwell in create forces and pressure which to an extent drive people into crime (Glick, 2005).
Gabriel Tarde is best known for his several works in sociology and philosophy. He urged that that the social changes and structures are brought about by the psychological interaction of individuals in the society (Siegel, 2013). According to Siegal (2013), Tarde looks at the norms that constrain behavior as the products of interaction. He focused his attention on social process in which he explores how forms of behavior are transmitted from one group to another and from a person to another person. Tarde’s concept of “imitation” is based on the idea that people learn from one another via the imitation process. The law of imitation consists of three laws; the law of imitation of superior by inferior, the law of insertion and the law of close contact explain why individuals engage in crime (Siegel, 2013).