Man has within his nature an interest towards the fortunes of people, even though he derives practically nothing from it, except the actual pleasure of gazing at them (Smith, 1984, p. 9). The actual feelings most of us experience upon witnessing the misery of people are exceedingly vibrant, no one needs proof that humans naturally sympathise with their fellow humans. This feeling is so strong that even when seen in a lively manner instils similar emotions (Smith, 1984, p. 9). Even the hooligans, outlaws have sympathetic feelings. Hence sympathy is the primary source of morality. The sense of telling right from wrong (the very definition of morality) is thus natural.
The sense of sympathy creates morality. If humans feel sympathetic towards others, doing unsympathetic acts would then be unjust. It is impossible to feel complete empathy or sympathy for others as no one knows exactly how someone feels. One cannot fathom the idea in which the other suffers. But by considering what one must feel assuming that they face the same situation, they somehow relate to the others’ feelings. This feeling alone does not dictate the whole concept of morality.
The concept of morality gets strengthened by including divine authority. According to Smith, the management of the universe, caring for the universal happiness of living things is God’s duty. Man cannot be capable of empathizing at such a vast level. Sympathy is limited by self-interest. Smith considers God as the power that gives humans limited responsibility. This given authority is suited to man’s weakness and to his limited powers.
It makes sense as humans are mortal, hence the justification for a moral authority. Smith believes that humans have narrow comprehension and thus cannot fathom everything in the universe, the care of one’s own pleasure, of family, friends and the country, is too much to limit the human