Social class is the most widely used term in sociology which refers to the primary structure of social stratification broadly used for defining the modern capitalist societies. Social stratification has given rise to inequality in the society. It clearly defines the privileges that are enjoyed by the most advantageous individuals (Fulcher and Scott, 1999). However, Haralambos and Holborn suggest that social inequality is the most prominent feature of all the human societies. From the beginning of the formation of the human societies, this system of social stratification has prevailed as the most important component of the human societies. According to Bilton et al, (1994), traditional Indian caste system, feudalism and other societal systems based on caste and status are the most highlighted and the distinct societal structures. In human societies, individuals are classified on the basis of their economic power, distribution of wealth and other materialized advantages they enjoy. These factors have given rise to the development and division of social classes. According to sociologist Karl Marx, to understand the structure of social strata it is highly important to know what constitute social inequality in a system. For Karl Marx, class stratification was of important value and he thoroughly argued that all societies were established on the basis of class system except for the most primitive ones (Fulcher and Scott, 1999). Karl Marx further adds that all class struggle has always existed in the history of all the societies. According to Marx and Engles (1848), class struggle is the important component and almost all the societies go through this phase of struggle. Marx has always classified the structure of the society on the basis of class system. According to him the society is divided into two basis classes; the capitalist class. This class possesses the capacity of production and the working class which possess labor power. The labor class sells their services to the production class in return of wages. Marx has highlighted the exploitation caused by the capitalist class to the working class in terms of the wages paid to them which is just a fraction of their services they put in making and raising the value of the products they sell in markets. Marx believed that the capitalist class earns their profits and other benefits at the cost of laboring class. Labor class is deprived of their fundamental rights and benefits by the capital class as they hold power, wealth and prestige over them. He further believes that this trend would eventually lead the capitalist class to turn into a communist society which in other words, it will be the downfall of the capitalist class. According to Marx, economic structure is the important element in structuring the social classes. However, Haralambos and Holborn (2004), different groups in the society are emerged from the rise of different classes and hence, this has given rise to inequality in the society. Marx Weber also agrees with the opinion of Karl Marx that competition in market to gain economic resources and other benefits among individuals that has further given rise to different social classes. According to him, other factors also play an important role in the better understanding of composition and division of class system in the society. According to Weber, the class system is divided into four types in a capitalist society (Haralambos and Holborn, 2004). Bocock and Thompson (1995) highlights the Weber?s idea in which he agrees with the opinion of Karl Marx that the division of major classes is between the capitalist cl
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Social class is the most widely used term in sociology which refers to the primary structure of social stratification broadly used for defining the modern capitalist societies. Social stratification has given rise to inequality in the society. …
The more quantities of the aforementioned factors one acquires or has, the higher their status/class in society goes up and more status one gains. Some people are born into a status while others ascribe to a status by virtue of the fact that they inherited the wealth from their rich forbearers.
What is social class? How is it measured and why does it matter?
The term “social class,” mainly shortened to “class,” denotes the horizontal stratification of the society. Within this broad definition, the notion of class bears no clear-cut agreed-upon meaning, but is employed either as an omnibus term denoting variations grounded in wealth, income, level of consumption, family background and group identification, or an examination based on these enumerated factors (Craib 2002, p.342).
Hobbes Perception of Sovereignty and its Modern Day Relevance
A nation is sovereign in situations where its magistrate owes loyalty to no greater power. As a result, the magistrate is supreme inside the legal order of the nation. In every social society where a system of law is present, there is also most likely to be found underneath the assortment of political forms, a latent democracy as much as in an absolute monarchy.
Despite the economic and social progress that goes along with industrialization, post-industrial societies like Britain are in as much as the same with the rest of societies in drafting a social order laden with divisions and social inequities. Differences in productivity, social roles, and social statuses are said to be the causes of these (Duncan 1995).
That we come into this social amalgamation known as the United Kingdom with certain passed-on traits, both genetic and otherwise, retains a particular relevance even in the twenty-first century. Merit is sexy, but overrated; a closer examination of social divisions as they pertain to life-chances, a field which generates fierce debate among scholars, demonstrates an entangled yet manageable web of indicators capable of establishing causal links between class and life-chances.
Marxist theory asserts that a classless society paves the way for communism in which all the members enjoy the resources equally and wealth is distributed uniformly.
We, the citizens, are very frequently
Like the study of Anthropology, Social anthropology also is a vast field of study enabling one to unveil the features of man, human cultures and societies. The words of E.E. Evans-Pritchard makes it clear when evaluating Social anthropology thus,
wealth, income, level of consumption, family background, and group identification, or an examination based on these enumerated factors (Craib 2002, p.342).
Social class flows from status and refers to individuals with shared levels of wealth, influence, and status. Status in
This piece of work puts down an evidence-based comparison of the two pieces of work based on the nature of society, social classes and mobility.
Great expectations is based in a society that has activities involving crime, innocence, and
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