The differences between the two systems are in terms of the court proceedings, the terminologies used in the courts, the judgment procedure and confidentiality. On the other hand, the similarities in the two are in terms of the right to justice, the right of appeal, the due process, and plea bargaining and right against self-incrimination. This paper discusses the differences and similarities between the juvenile justice system and adult justice system.
According to Siegel and Senna (2007) and Siegel and Worrall (2012), the similarities between juvenile and adult justice systems are mostly on the court proceedings due process. Both juveniles and adults have the right to an attorney. As such, adults and minors suspected can opt to keep quiet until an attorney is availed (Siegel and Senna, 2007). Attorneys to both adults and minors can be from the government. Adults and minors suspected can opt to hire attorneys, depending on their financial status. When adults and juveniles are to be charged, they have to be notified of the charges in due time by writing. After that, they have to answer to the charges in the court at the date provided (Siegel and Worrall 2012).
In the court proceeding, the juvenile and the adult justice system are. In this case, the prosecution must provide all the evidence for the charges. Witnesses also have to appear in the court to provide an account of exactly what they witnessed against the accused. The juvenile or adult accused has the right to cross-examine the witness regarding the crime committed (Siegel and Senna, 2007). In the minor and adult court sessions, the witness account and the evidence provided dictates the kind of ruling expected. In the case, evidence is sufficient; the court charges the accused. In the case, evidence and witness account fail to show the accused committed a crime or is delinquent; the judge or jury can terminate the case on technical grounds (Kupchik,