According to the estimates laid out by the World Health Organization, the total people of the world are divided into three categories each carrying 33.33 per cent; the well-fed people, the under-fed people, and the starving people (“The world hunger”). Hunger, to some extent, means malnutrition of protein energy. Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is generally interpreted as a lack of protein and calories. The importance of protein in the major functions of the body such as muscle development and maintenance and building up of the necessary amino acids in the body cannot be overemphasized.
The biggest sufferers from hunger are children. A significant population of children is undernourished or suffers from malnutrition. Children are affected even before they are born because of the malnutrition of their mothers. Malnutrition is of two basic types: the first type of malnutrition is the one which is discussed most frequently in the discussions of world hunger. It refers to lack of sufficient protein and energy in the food which is provided by all basic groups of food. The second type of malnutrition is known as the micronutrient deficiency. While this is a very important kind of malnutrition, it is not discussed much in the world hunger.
There are three fundamental ways in which children suffer from undernutrition, and the most common way in which this is assessed is the height and weight measurement. Many children are too short for their age or weigh lesser than what most children their age weigh. An underweight child can be either wasted or stunted or both (UNICEF 13). Almost 195 million children below the age of 5 years are affected by stunting in the developing world, which is the same as one in every three children (UNICEF 15-19). There are high stunting rates in Asia and Africa, which are 36 per cent and 40 per cent respectively. This is also evident from the fact