Phillips (1997: 6) describes the fact that politics is an area dominated by men. He asserts that "The assumption of male dominance raises no awkward questions about womens lesser visibility, and simply takes it for granted that men will do politics while women tend the children at home" (Phillips 1997: 6). To illustrate how the political role of women has changed in Africa, we will focus on South Africa as a point of reference. A few decades ago, womens lesser visibility (as mentioned earlier) was attributed to the fact that the society has always considered a man as the head of the family, the community, and head in any other aspects of human existence (Joannou and Purvis 2009: 189).
African countries were previously colonies of other countries of in the world. Therefore, colonial mores were affirmed on explicit associations of governance comprising of structure of acquaintances, and sexual and ethnic foundations (Mohanty, Russo and Torres 1991: 15). As much as all Africans were not allowed to vote, women were the most restricted lot as later on African men owning property were allowed to vote. In 1956, South African women held a protest in Pretoria with the main objective of fighting for their independence or free will (Ravhodzulo 2010: 39). At that time, women movements were curtailed. In early twentieth century, black men were allowed to vote though they could not vie for any political position. Women on the other hand did not have the right to vote. These rights were achieved by women after a long and tiresome campaign.
Today, the position of women all over the world has changed especially in Africa. In upholding womens rights, the society has continued to accept and adapt the unexploited abilities of women as well as their leadership techniques. In fact, the percentage of women members of parliament has significantly risen over the recent past. For instance, the percentage of women members of parliament today is close to twenty