Similarly, sports have certain roles to play in the society. Sports can be seen as an element that encourages patriotism among the individuals of a society and sporting events lead to unity among society members (Andersen, 2006). For example: people of Pakistani society tend to become united while supporting their team in cricketing events. The conflict theorists suggest that the society is divided into those who have control over the resources of the society and those who want to gain access to those resources (Andersen, 2006). Sports from the conflict perspective can be seen as an element that divides the society between those who earn huge amount of money through sporting events (managers of sporting organizations) and those who strive hard to obtain resources by participating in sporting activities (sports players). The interactionist perspective believes that individuals attach different meanings to different elements of the society and they act according to those meanings (Andersen, 2006). For example: sports may be seen as individuals as an element through which they can measure success and this is why parents expect their children to participate in sports and be successful in this element of the society.
The functionalist perspective provides a better view of sports and its importance to the society as it clearly identifies the functions that sports and sporting events play in a particular society. Functionalist perspective is better way of studying sports because it provides a micro level view of sports and its impact on society.
The functionalist perspective states that sports has several functions to perform and one function that can be performed by physical activities such as participation in sporting events is that it can help in countering the issue of obesity that is being experienced by the people of the United States at a great level. According to Hills, if