It also affects the lungs by building up and blocking the airways that carry the air in and out of the lungs. Thus, the blockage does not allow bacteria to grow and resulting in infections. In most cases, the disease affects the intestines by mucus blocking tubes in the pancreas hence the digestive enzymes are inhibited from reaching the small intestine for digestion.
Sweat becomes salty as a result of the disease where upon sweating an individual loses a lot of salts. This affects the balance of minerals that are present in the blood and is likely to result into health problems. It causes fatigue, dehydration, increased heart rate, decreased heart pressure and heat stroke. In men, the disease can result into infertility while in women, it reduces the chances of getting pregnant.
The disease results when there is a mutation in the gene cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator. This gene is important in that it creates digestive juices, mucus and sweat. A sole copy of the gene is needed so that it can prevent cystic fibrosis (Langwith 2009). In most of the people, these copies are usually two. Cystic fibrosis occurs when an individual is unable to have at least one of the gene versions that are unaltered so that the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator can be formed. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator is a channel of ions that transports the thiocyanate and chloride ions across the cell membranes of the epithelial thus resulting to cystic fibrosis.
Patients with Cystic Fibrosis, mutation of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator is unable to control the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). The epithelial sodium channel becomes hyperactive and as a result too much of the sodium from the body causing mucus to become thick. The current drug to counteract cystic fibrosis is the one that mutates 2000cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (Giddings 2009). A more efficient way to counter