However, the development in Southern California, particularly the recognition by the labor union, and therefore a successful justice for the Janitors campaign was unimaginable union step. According to Milkman (2006), Los Angeles, the previously known for its hostility for labor became the bedrock for unionism with the unlikely leaders emerged from immigrant workers and fought successfully for the workers’ rights. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the LA Story: Immigrant Workers and the Future of the U.S. Labor Movement by Milkman (2006) and address some of the developments and issues concerning the growth of labor union in Los Angeles.
According to Milkman (2006), the middle of the 20th century there was high unionization of the workers throughout the southern part of California. The 1970s and 80s showcased a low waged labor market as the contractual employment had been reduced and the immigrants replaced with native born workers, renewed organizing efforts. This led to struggles and a lasting unionization for the janitors. Although there was a wrong assumption that some of the major downfall of these industries was showcased by the deunionization and the worsening working conditions on the immigrants, close analysis proved otherwise. Milkman (2006) argues in her book, LA Story: Immigrant Workers and the Future of the U.S. Labor Movement that it started with the influx of the foreign-born workers. These foreign-born workers filled the positions of the native-born workers after they had left the so-perceived undesirable jobs.
The movement received much external energy from these native-born workers, for instance the Latino workers, who came to work in the United States with a lot of zeal and group oriented mentality. They had a lot of experience from their background which was full of both political and labor struggles. Sharply differing from the native-born workers who