Karl Marx and Max Weber were very influential theorists in the social sciences and their work has formed part of the basis upon which this field has been built. Marx lived in a period where the common people in the society, because of the oppressive nature of capitalism, were…
to compare and contrast the various theories and points of view of these two theorists, it will come to the conclusion that they are classical sociologists who have a lot of different opinions concerning a large number of issues.
It is their thoughts and theories which lay the foundations, both directly and indirectly, of the way people in the twentieth century lived. Despite the fact that most of their arguments concerning the way society works differ, it would come to the conclusion that in many ways, their concepts of life also bore many similarities. Thus, while Marx was against capitalism, stating that it was bad to the improvement of the lives of the poor people, Weber believed that capitalism was an exceptional system which had ensured the betterment of life (Giddens, 1971). In addition, while Weber considered capitalism to be an attractive part in the development of human beings, Marx believed that its effect was bad, and believed that it was a source of divisions within the society. Marx felt that capitalism was among the most unhelpful part of society because it led to the separation of certain members of the society, while at the same time giving an unfair advantage to the bourgeoisie, who controlled the means of production (Furner, 2011). Although capitalism formed a large part of the theories spoken by both Marx and Weber, these individuals also had other ideas concerning the development of society that went beyond this economic concept. They delved into other matters that had a direct effect on the society and its development such as class conflict, the role of leadership as well as the significance of history and historical events in shaping the society (Turchetto, 2000). Both Marx and Weber developed theories and ideas in their own right in an attempt to describe how the modern society works and each tried to give the reasons behind why their societies had developed to become what they were at the time.
According to Marx, the main definition of ...
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Moreover, capitalism is viewed from a specific perspective: the extent to which its study is capable of strengthening a sociology of modernity, interpreted as ‘that which is ‘new’ in ‘modern’ ‘society’’ (Lowith 1993, 46). Marx and Weber provide distinct theories of modernity, or theories of the transition from pre-industrial to industrial society, to which capitalism is somewhat fundamental.
According to the report since 1800s, capitalism within the society has gradually becoming more evident as compared to the previous times. Because of significant development in capitalism, urbanization and industrialization took place during the early part of the 19th century. The gap between the social classes of people started to widen.
Max Weber Ideology in ‘The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism’
Though Weber was largely influenced by theories initiated by Karl Marx, he is clearly not a Marxist. Apparently, he is often quoted criticizing a number of aspects that were developed by Karl Marx, especially in the Marxism theories.
We focus on the bureaucratization theory, social fact theory, religion, a division of labour and specialization and the capitalist theory by Marx. All these theories explain the society we live in today but they also form a basis for determining whether the scholar's work is relevant in today’s society.
Marx broke the silence around the working class, and introduced it in a knowledge field, whereas a new sociological thought was developed by Weber. Marx and Weber are usually compared and contrasted, because their theories explained subsequent theoretical constructs, as
Capitalism was doomed to destruction because of internal tensions and contradictions. He believed that communism would eventually replace capitalism with a classless society ruled by the dictatorship of the proletariat.
His theory of modern domination
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