Gender inequality means that individuals – mostly women and girls – undergo barriers to participate in benefitting, accessing and controlling resources and rights. Wealth inequality mainly focuses on the unequal distribution of assets to individuals in a society.
One of the critical differences between modern and simple societies is the emphasis placed on both community and individuals themselves. In the modern society, there is community and group commitment which is especially noted in subcultures like Amish whereas in the simple societies they are the building block of social life. Modern society contrasts from the simple society in terms of its individualistic and impersonal nature. In simple society, there is adoption of close daily relations whereas in modern societies we have many close relationships where the person is barely known. The modern society therefore considers individualism more important than commitment to group and community. A sociologist by the name of Ferdinand Tönnies (1887 - 1963) characterized these modern and non-modern societies with German words Gesellschaft and Gemeinschaft. Gemeinschaft meant human community and it was imperative from Tönnies idea that simple societies were characterized by a sense of community. This implied family, kin and community ties were prevalent. With social development, industrial growth and urbanization, Tönnies noted social ties weakening and becoming more impersonal and termed this disturbing effect as Gesellschaft (Tönnies, 1963). The latter sociologists distinguished societies on the basis of there economy type and technological advancements. It is in order to note that the distinguishment was based on useful schemes ranging from; Hunting and gathering, pastoral, horticultural, agricultural, and industrial (Nolan & Lenski, 2009).
Composed of small, simple societies with hunting and gathering food the main activity. The societies were fairly