The relationship between one state and another or among states occurs in an international context. States collaborate in numerous social, economic or political matters as they identify the need to do so. Independent of one another, states are organized and run through given governance or political systems that the people themselves choose to put in place. The orders of states therefore, vary from one state to another. The most common systems of running states include constitutional democracy, constitutional monarchy and parliamentary system. Different states across the world employ different systems of governance, shaped by the political system that each specific state chooses to adopt. Based on these variant aspects, relationships between states lack order. This is evidenced by international trends through foreign policies in matters that pertain to cultural, social, economic and political aspects.
States relate and interrelate on diverse and dynamic grounds. This relationship may be in the form of an international collaboration or it may also involve an action by one state to another, prior to an issue that needs to be addressed. However, international trends in this relationship are characterized by lack of order than its presence. Chapter 7, 8 and 9 presents issues surrounding relationships between states. Chapter 9 specifically draws upon the other two to show how states are ordered and/or disordered. This chapter evaluates relationships between states in the context of an international community, explains power and authority aspects in these relationships and draws relevant inferences with regard to them. With regard to the three chapters, the relationships between states can be evaluated and assessed.
States with high and significant political power and authority are often influential to “lesser” states (Sieff, 2009, p.118). As a result, the policy making process of all states involved fails to account for universal applicability of laws and order of foreign collaboration. The dominance of super powerful over other states makes these powerful states bypass the actual procedures that govern international relations. Different states have adopted different political systems that further direct the mode of governance in these states. The political and governance set up of different countries around the world is independent of other countries. In this regard, relationships between and among these states in most cases is not accounted for in these systems. State-state relations therefore involve the action of accommodating an external factor in the usual system, a process that is often characterized by inadequate provisions for such actions. The fact that the existing systems fail to provide a procedural order for that relationship makes relationships between states lack order. In fact, most political and governance relationships between states involve a scenario where one state meddles in the affairs of other state. International relationships have in one way or another led to wars and terrorism. States may differ in one or more ways, resulting in conflicts that end up triggering wars and sometimes terrorism activities. In most cases when wars have emerged, there has been no evidence of formal war declarations between states. On the same note, terrorism activities are secretly planned, and the affected states are caught by surprise. While there are formal mechanisms of resolving interstate conflicts, these mechanisms are often ignored or overlooked.