As a result, electoral rules favored candidates from the single party. However, in 2009, Japanese citizens adopted a multi-party model. The move revolutionized the political scene, whereby in 2012, Toru Hashimoto, a candidate from an unknown party (Japan Restoration Association) took over the country’s leadership (Fackler, 2012). Conversely, in France, the political scene boasted several political parties. However, majority of the political candidates who won elections belonged to the Liberalist party making it the predominant political party in the region. In fact, some time had elapsed before a candidate from the Socialist party won the presidential election in 2012 (Erlanger, 2012). This showed that the electoral rules favored the predominant political party to some extent.
In both France and Japan, political parties draw their support from the public. Candidates make promises in their manifestos that appeal to the needs of the public. This strategy serves to consolidate citizens’ support. For example, the current President of France, François Hollande won by rejecting the incumbent’s (Sarkozy) ideologies of a sheltered, inclusive country.
In both France and Japan, both internal and external parties suggest economic changes; however, both countries face difficulties when implementing these changes. Under industrialist Louis Gallois’ advisement, socialist President François Hollande opted to minimize politicians’ influence on the economy by curbing their culture of enforcing regulations directed towards the economic sector. In the past, stringent economic regulations enforced by parliament led to loss of jobs and a decline in France’s export quota, whereby shares of exports dropped from 12.7% to 9.3% (Alderman, 2012). Mr. Gallois also advised the President to reduce taxes, which proved unfavorable for foreign and local entrepreneurs. Despite the soundness of the suggestions made, the public remains