om wealthier households are likely to have higher cognitive development and less behavioral disorders compared to their counterparts from poor households. Parental activities as well as the parent-child relationship have been shown to affect a child’s development and wellbeing. Studies funded by ESRC have shown how the composition of the family that is the presence of an involved father and the employment status of the parent (s) determines child development outcomes. The quality of the existing parent- parent as well as parent-child relationships in the household also determines cognitive and emotional development of children. Early motherhood is strongly associated with a much poor child outcome as well as a greater risk of generational poverty.
The question of whether interventions that would improve the quality of parenting as well as home environment would improve child cognitive and behavioural outcomes formed the hypothesis in this study. Other hypotheses included there being is a strong association between household income and the parenting styles.
The independent variables in this study include parental household income, parenting styles, household composition and the age of the mother. The outcomes in this study were early child cognitive and behavior development levels, educational achievements and generational income.
The study established that children from wealthier households where both parents are employed have an increases cognitive attainment as well as less behavioural disorders compared to their counterparts from less wealthy households. An optimum household environment is one whereby both parents live in the same house and are both earn a living. This has been shown to foster holistic child development. Children from poor households are less likely to learn at home. In most cases, they lag behind in skills like drawing, colouring and in the songs and rhymes that their counterparts in wealthier homes possess. The presence of an involved