As per ( Douglass, 2008,pg.238-257.) “The modern Basque nationalist movement was founded in the last decade of the nineteenth century by Sabino de Arana. The motivation to form this group was fear of extinction”.
According to (Allen, 2008)“The movements full name is Euskadi Ta Azkatasuna, which stands for Basque Homeland and Freedom”. It began in the 1960s as a student resistance movement against the dictatorship of France. ETA had a profound effect on the Spanish, French, British and American authorities, as thousand of people feared to be kidnapped ir attacked by the White Mass Terrorist organisation. The group was dominant enough to be labelled as a terrorist group by the Spanish Government. This group wanted democracy and hence demanded freedom from Spain. The group committed sabotage, robbery and murder to acheive its political goals. However, vast majority of the Basque society rejected the violence of ETA actively.
ETA means “Basque Homeland and Freedom” and they wanted an autonomous region with unique culture, language and religion. Since late 1960s the group, has led to 800 deaths and had the primary tactics of assassination and bombings. They have assassinated political figures like Prime Minister of Spain, civilians and policemen. ETA is an offspring of the Basque nationalist movement which was a non – violent political party. The ETA wanted a national liberation and believed that violence was a justifiable pursuit. The groups were originally formed as a student discussion group in 1952 at the University of Deusto, in Bilbao and they had Marxism ideology. The Basque terrorist group was in a dirty war with Spanish government.
ETA was a leftist group and they targeted government officials and their first victim was a police officer who was killed in 1968. According to (Bhattacharjee ) In 1973, ETA operatives killed Francos apparent successor, Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco, by planting an underground bomb below his habitual