Majority of people who hold morality normatively hold that, under plausible and particular conditions, all rational individuals should endorse such a code. Moral theories vary in their accounts of crucial elements of rational individuals and in their provisions of the conditions under which all rational individuals endorses a code of conduct as a moral code (Baier, 2008, 234).
Classical sociological theorists such as Karl Marx, Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Georg Simmel, Max Weber, and Vilfredo Pareto came up with their own perspectives on sociology and morality. There works were very important and played a crucial function in the growth of sociology. Moreover, their ideas have continued to be relevant in sociology even in the present perspectives. This is because, many modern socialists read and refer to them. These theories have become classis since they harbor a broad range of applications and are concerned on the centrally significant social matters.
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the revival of interests in morality and discuss how it would be beneficial by creatively engaging with the writings of Durkheim, and his social theory, homo duplex, social construction of moral orders and collective effervescence. After conducting an evaluation of this relatively ignored part of Durkheims work, which was developed fully in 1995, through his work “the elementary forms of religious life” , we also focus on Durkheims writings on scared moral orders. The author highlights some of Durkheim’s features which continue to provide a productive basis upon which to develop an in-depth sociological appreciation of morality.
The conception of Durkheim in social facts, specifically differentiates sociology from psychology and philosophy. Social facts are considered as cultural norms, social structures as well as values that are coercive and external to
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