In the Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Freire mentions that freedom cannot be just presented to the oppressed. People have “to struggle to recover their lost humanity” (28). They have to apply force to become free from their oppressors. Liberation, humanization and decolonization are aimed at making all people equal in the conditions when some of them suffer from inequality. Many people do want to be free but they do not know where to start their way. They feel miserable because they perceive themselves miserable. While white people enjoy their privilege, “Black men want to prove to white men, at all costs, the richness of their thought, the equal value of their intellect” (Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks 10). At this point the fight for freedom starts, but it is complicated by psychological and social obstacles the oppressed face on their way.
In the Black Skin, White Masks, Fanon states that inferiority complex works well and prevents the majority of people from active actions. He states that increased attention to race motivates the appearance of “massive psychoexistential complex” which supports power division in their community (12). This inferiority complex motivates people to prove authoritative whites that they are the same thinking and talented creatures. They assimilate in order to be appreciated by white people. Most of all they fear to be themselves and to fight for their freedom. Freire defines the fear of freedom as “a fear which may equally lead them [the oppressed] to desire the role of oppressor or bind them to the role of the oppressed” (31).
The image of the oppressor as the right one becomes a challenge for all people who are oppressed. They treat oppressive behavior models as the right ones; they fail to protect their interests. People are afraid to be different from the dominating majority;