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Drug Treatment in Prison System - Research Paper Example

Drug addiction comes with significant social, financial, psychological and legal consequences. The treatment and rehabilitation of drug addicts within a prison system has been proven to work. Studies have shown that the treatment and rehabilitation of drug addicts within a prison enables reintegration into the job market, offers training, and minimizes re-incarceration. This paper analyzes various research findings regarding drug abuse treatment and how prison systems approach this issue. A number of options can be employed in the delivery of the treatment to inmates. One option includes that indulgence of medical staff of the prison. Proponents of this option argue the indulgence of prison medical staff provides an ample time for the interaction of the care provider and the drug addict (Williams, 2008). However, other options may include the indulgence of community based organizations. In addition, a number of specific treatment modalities can be implemented. Williams (2008) argues such modalities include agonist maintenance, antagonist therapy, and cognitive-behavioral therapies. Other countries have resorted to the use of methadone maintenance, and educative programs. Thus, inmates are trained on safe sex practices and HIV prevention. According to policy makers, the provision of this treatment within the prison system can either be voluntary or compulsory (Williams, 2008). Some legal systems provide the inmates with a chance to accept or reject the treatment. Therefore, the federal bureau of prisons has restructured its substance abuse programs in accordance to the findings of recent research and expanded its treatment services throughout the institutions. A number of studies have been conducted to evaluate the functionality of drug abuse treatment in prison systems. In one such study, Wormer and Persson (2010) investigated evidence from prison administrators and inmate reports at a federal prison in the Midwest to find out the extent to which treatment needs are being met. Wormer and Persson (2010) argue the involvement into the criminal justice system often results from drug seeking behavior and participation in illegal activities to acquire the drugs. In addition, research has shown proof of interconnectedness and crime. After the evaluation of data from key respondents, the researchers found out drug abuse treatment needs are not being met. However, the researchers acknowledge the numerous steps that have been devised to ensure evidence based treatment modalities. On top of that, the researchers recommended a number of probable improvements that can be considered. First, they suggested that techniques should be devised to encourage inmates to seek drug abuse treatment (Wormer & Persson, 2010). The researchers also recommended that mechanisms should be formulated to handle inmates who feel discouraged to continue with the treatment rationale (Wormer & Persson, 2010). Second, the prison system should ensure that new entrants into the prison system with drug abuse history should be enrolled into the treatment program immediately (Wormer & Persson, 2010). Third, the treatment protocol should be conducted from within (Wormer & Persson, 2010). This allows prison medical staff to develop close interpersonal relationships with addicts. This gives the care providers an opportunity to monitor addicts’ ...Show more
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Summary

Drug Abuse Treatment in Prison Systems Name Institution A significant number of prisoners in U.S prisons have serious drug abuse problems, and are in need of treatment before they return to the society. According to report by bureau of justice and statistics, 45% of federal inmates and 53% of state inmates meet criteria of substance abuse or drug dependence (Williams, 2008)…
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