36). It is set for dissolution in April 2015. The modern UK parliament is among the world’s oldest incessant representative assemblies. Earlier, the House of Lords was superior both in practice and theory to the House of Commons, but the lower House’s principle of ministerial responsibility was developed in the 19th century. House of Commons members were elected through an outdated electoral system that had constituencies with cosmic different sizes. In that sense, for example, the borough of Old Sarum was able to elect two members with seven voters just like the borough of Dunwich which, incidentally, had disappeared completely into the sea because of land erosion. In the first half of the 20th century, the British House of Commons’ supremacy was established after passing of the “People’s Budget” by the Commons in 1909, effectively altering the taxation system in ways that did not favour wealthy landowners. Presently, the legislative authority, which is also known as the Crown-in-Parliament, is made up of three separate arms that include House of Commons, House of Lords and the Monarch (Radcliffe 2001, p. 44). An individual cannot belong to both Houses and the House of Lords members are barred legally from participating in House of Commons elections. The UK’s cultural diversity is mainly due to the increased migration in the British Isles and the immigration from overseas and Europe, which means most of the British people have ancestries of mixed origins from the British Isles’ four nationalities (Baumann 2000, p. 74). The period before, during and after World War II saw religious and political refugees as well as displaced persons from diverse nationalities and cultural backgrounds being offered shelter in Britain. This paper will briefly describe the history of the UK Parliament institution and discuss the extent to which it has adapted to cultural development and the reasons it has done so.
The UK Parliament’s origins are