StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Tracking in Schools and Its Effects on Equality and Quality of Education - Term Paper Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Tracking in Schools and Its Effects on Equality and Quality of Education

The use of tracking was popular in English-speaking countries, but the practice is less used now. Strong tracking systems formed the foundation of the Tripartite System in Wales and England well into the 1970s and in Northern Ireland until 2009. Germany still uses a strongly tracked system whereby students' achievements in their final four years of primary school determine the type of secondary school they will be allowed to attend, and subsequently the type of education they will receive. American schools have also used tracking systems, though these systems are considered to be weaker than those in Great Britain and Germany. Local American schools assign students to classrooms based on their overall achievement; a given classroom will therefore be composed of students with low, average or high academic achievement. Hallinan (1994) notes that secondary school students were assigned to academic, general, or vocational tracks and that each track had courses that were designed to prepare students for postsecondary education or careers. Tracking is aimed at increasing learning. Proponents of tracking argue that it permits the teachers to provide instructions to the best ability of their students. A good balance between a student’s ability and the level of instruction provided is believed to optimize the effectiveness and efficiency of this process. Therefore, tracking is viewed to enhance cognitive development. According to the Sociological theory, there are 7 aspects of a society. One of this is groups (organizations). Macionis et al. (2010) define a group as being made of 2 or more people who identify and interact with one another. Both groups and organizations operate according to general rules. The use of tracks in schools serves to place students in schools such groups. Hallinan (1994) describes 2 issues concerning the effectiveness of tracking that makes it the subject of debate. One deals with whether tracking, when compared to other methods of grouping, if it is more effective in promoting students’ learning. The other deals with whether all students in a track benefit from tracking to the same level. This debate is fanned by assumptions about the operation of tracking and how it affects the students involved. Among these assumptions are that placement to a track is dependent mainly on academic standards, that the tracks are strictly homogeneous when it comes to students’ ability and that assignments to a track are permanent. Other assumptions are that tracking impacts negatively on the self-esteem of low-ability students, that low-ability students are problematic to teach because they lack the motivation to learn, and that tracking limits the postsecondary education options of low-track students. Hallinan (1994) concludes that the assignment of students to tracks is based on both academic and non-academic considerations. Academic factors that influence track placement are grades, scores on standardized tests, teachers’ and counselors’ recommendations. Hallinan (1994) suggests that reforms to the tracking system should be made so as to counter its negative consequences associated with it. She recommends that students engage in integrated activities during the school day. Hallinan (1994) also suggests that by ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Tracking in Schools and Its Effects on Equality and Quality of Term Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Tracking in Schools and Its Effects on Equality and Quality of Term Paper)
“Tracking in Schools and Its Effects on Equality and Quality of Term Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times


SOC 346 Tracking in schools and its effects on equality and quality of education Tracking in schools involves the separation of pupils based on their academic ability into various groups for all subjects and curriculum within a school. A tracking system involves the entire school population, the whole of which is assigned to classes depending on whether the overall academic achievement is above below average, average or normal…
Tracking in Schools and Its Effects on Equality and Quality of Education
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the term paper on your topic
"Tracking in Schools and Its Effects on Equality and Quality of Education"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

The Lehman Brothers Collapse. Who, Why, How and Its Long-term Effects on Securities Markets
The Lehman Brothers Collapse during the 2008-09, period is believed to be a very significant as well as interesting topic in the field of Finance as it illustrates the financial blunders committed by the management of the company alongside its long term effects on securities markets.
10 pages (2500 words) Term Paper
Tourism in Turkey and its effects in the Grand Tarabya Hotel
The hotel business thrives accordingly from all the geographical dimensions and throughout the country. As depicted from informative sources, the country exhibits peaceful integration between the native cultures and to the world (Urry, 2011). These aspects stimulate economies as the country’s businesses gain acceptance across the globe, which also stimulates expansion in the hotel business (Hall, 2006).
10 pages (2500 words) Term Paper
Women's Equality in Pay
In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that the long-held doctrine of “separate but equal” was unconstitutional, because it encouraged widespread segregation in the United States. This idea that individuals should not have their lives determined by the group to which they belong had wide-reaching effects in American society.
3 pages (750 words) Term Paper
Alcoholism and Its Effects to the Community of Jersey City
The state has many features that portray it to be very important for the economy of the United States. One of the major towns of the city is Jersey City. A demographic representation of the city brings into focus many of the facts important for further understanding.
8 pages (2000 words) Term Paper
Simulation and Its Use in Nursing Education
These are the few types of simulation. Going by this definition we comprehend that simulation in nursing tutoring has been present for a long time. This includes the use of oranges to perform subcutaneous as well as intramuscular injections; using a static manikin to learn CPR; the insertion of Foley catheters inside a manikin in a scientific lab structure and even position in concert major psychological disorders in addition to communique skills in psychological health.
7 pages (1750 words) Term Paper
Use of RFID technologies for identification, tracking
Use of Satellites by the US military to Improve Battlefield Awareness The United States military has embraced satellite technology in ensuring improved battlefield awareness. Satellites are machinery installed in space to take pictorial outlook on the earth's surface.
5 pages (1250 words) Term Paper
Womens Equality in Pay
Within 10 years following that decision, equal rights were extended to individuals of all races and America changed for the better. However, more than a century after Brown v. Board of Education, the
3 pages (750 words) Term Paper
Offshore Oil Drilling: Its Effects & Consequences on the Santa Barbara Coastline
The community demands not seizure of oil drilling operations, but indication of the exact dates when these processes may be stopped1. There is a
4 pages (1000 words) Term Paper
Nursing shortage and its effects on the provision of health care
Governments have continually been passing legislations meant to arrest the rising prices of hospitals. Over the last few years, technological advancements including less complicated surgical procedures have lessened the requirement for inpatient care on one side and increasing the inpatient capacity in nearly all the hospitals.
13 pages (3250 words) Term Paper
Bullying in schools: The causes and effects
Further indirect actions such as rumor mongering or making the victim feel rejected comprise bullying characteristics. Bullying can exist between countries, social classes and social groups. Sociologically,
3 pages (750 words) Term Paper
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Tracking in Schools and Its Effects on Equality and Quality of Education for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us