The questionnaire contained 14 sections each with one question apart from section 14. This last section had 6 other sub-sections although they all answered the same question in different categories. The questions were of a closed type. The respondent chose from a set of answers, deciding the answer that best fit his/her opinion. There was no room for elaboration. The questions are laid out in a structure that initially seeks out general information on the respondent. The latter questions are more incisive and information-specific. A sample question of this nature is as follows: ‘Do you find your inability to speak the local language affecting you?’ The questionnaire can be found in Appendix 1.
The sampling method used in this research is non-probability convenient sampling. This method is appropriate because the accessibility to the population is not unlimited, the exclusion or inclusion sample is not known and the use of a large sample within a short time period is not realistic (Saunders & Lewis, 2011). This type of sampling is also appropriate when information about the population may be too insufficient to use probability sampling. Convenience sampling is suitable in this case as it is meant to provide as representation of the entire population and can be achieved with a limited amount of time (Bryman & Bell, 2003).
The total number of respondents was 24. There were 12 female and 12 male respondents. This was done to avoid a gender bias (Bryman & Bell, 2003). The ages of the respondents were between 22 and 29. One respondent did give out an age. The respondents were of varied nationalities among them Kenyan, American, Chinese, Mexican, Saudi, Japanese, Belarusian and Lebanese. This shows that the respondents were from all over the world with Africa, North America, The Middle East and Asia all represented. Most of the respondents were undertaking a Pre-masters program and had not spent more than six months abroad.
The respondents were