The prisons are regarded to be reformative centers, which serve as the platform responsible for the education, training, and resocialization of the prisoners so that they could lead a normal life like other law-abiding citizens of society (Macionis, 2008:138). The prison administrations have introduced several rehabilitation programs for the moral uplift of the prisoners, where the education and training sessions are conducted within the prison houses on a regular basis so that the criminals could give up deviant behavior and offenses after getting released from the prison. Somehow, the critics have always demonstrated serious reservations about the miserable plight of the prisoners, where a large majority of the former offenders tends to commit the similar or even different crimes in the wake of their setting free from the jails. Hence, the environment of jails is declared to be responsible for turning the individuals into habitual offenders because of their stay with criminals. Theorists, psychologists, and researchers have articulated different reasons behind the prisons’ being unable to play the active and powerful role of the reformed house for prisoners.
The sociological conflict perspective views state of clash and struggle between the haves and haves-not in all societies and cultures of the world (Turner, 1978:160).