Students tended to nominate friends who were the same sex, from a similar ethnic background, and who they previously knew from primary school. Selection processes turned out to play a more significant role than social influence processes in predicting similarity between early adolescent friends’ alcohol use (Knecht et al, 2010). Although friendship dynamics and individual drinking trajectories substantially differed between classrooms, the effects of homophilic selection and social influence did not.
The first article, Friendship and Alcohol Use in Early Adolescence: A Multilevel Social, studies the behavioral influence that social groupings have on adolescence that use alcohol. The article bases its research on the theory that friendships among adolescents force them to act in a certain manner in order to belong to a certain clique. Peer pressure is the main factor that makes adolescents start taking alcohol at an early age. Friendships form between adolescents of the same age group and characteristics (Knecht et al, 2010). This theory is looked into to assess whether it is true by selecting random students and collecting data.
There are several hypotheses highlighted in this article. The researchers expected to correlate small groups of friendship to a larger network of peers. Friend nominations were to be filled with adolescents of the same sex, ethnicity, and previous friendship. Alcohol behavior differs between genders and ethnicity. Boys will tend to drink more alcohol behavior than girls do. The research expected children who drink together to form certain bonds that would be influenced by alcohol use and friendships would predict changes in alcoholic characteristics (Knecht et al, 2010). The relationships and behavior of adolescents in different classrooms were likely to be similar.
The research carried out is evaluative and it is done within a six-month period. The data collected is longitudinal across 3017 students.