tudy of crime, criminal behavior and law enforcement is among the last scholarly subjects, in which researchers restrict their investigation to criminal habits and activities of men extensively, without experiencing the compulsion to account for their tendency (Britton, 2000). This, almost exclusive masculine perspective on criminology is partially attributable to the statistical facts, showing that men have a higher likelihood of engaging in criminal activities than women. This paper seeks to provide insight into the history and progression of criminology, from a feminism perspective. In addition, the article upholds the ideas that, it is imperative to have distinctively feminist criminology. Nonetheless, the distinctive feminist criminology must take into account other relevant inequalities, in order to be fully comprehensive and effective. Inclusive feminism criminology that not only focuses on gender disparity, but also on inequalities like religion, age, nationality, physical ability, class and race, will be better in understanding females’ criminal tendencies or deviant behavior.
Historical analysis of feminism, coupled with development of feminist criminology is split into three waves or periods. The initial era or feminism started in America, with the inception of the women’s suffrage and abolitionist campaigns. These movements were particularly vibrant starting from the mid to late 19th century. Criminology, as a sociological discipline of interest was developing at the time, with researchers in Europe like Durkheim and Lombroso, as well as, others in America like Kellor progressively theorized about people’s adherence to crime and deviant behavior adoption (Britton, 2000). Approximately a century later in the period ranging from the 1960s to 1970s, the second wave of feminism came into being. It is during this period that movements like those advocating for civil rights and women’s liberation spread their campaign throughout the nation. The call