People misuse the two terms as if they are identical. Whenever they appear together, people regard them as similar. Race bases on the premise of physical and biological differences. These may appear in elements as the cranial shape and size, hair type, and skin color. Ethnicity on the other hand is a term derived from culture. It is an embodiment of institution, behavior patterns, values, and a whole composite that represents historical experience of people, worldview, and their aspirations.
Social dimensions of ethnicity and race are crucial factors shaping people live in United States. Minority groups according to sociologist concerns political and economic power, or the group’s powerlessness. The social constructions of ethnicity and race are generated to perpetuate or establish certain group privileges. Increase in group identity leads to conflict. There are disparities in the context of African Americans, Hispanic, American Asian, Native Americans and other groups (Bauman, 1996). The disparities arise in different sectors including, health, education, jobs, residential and other areas. People with poor education, poor health, and poor residential and poor jobs are considered the minority. In United States, there are few problems regarding health, jobs, education, equality and residential, to the well-of people. The disparities are due to varying lifestyle and socioeconomic stratifications that shape life in America. People of varying social status live different lives in almost all aspects; work careers, family and marriage experience, childhood circumstances, leisure, healthcare, education, and neighborhood conditions. Stereotypes arise because of the physical differences among races (Bauman, 1996). Prejudice can lead to discrimination, although they are independent. Typical discrimination and prejudice against African Americans has foundation in the slavery history in the United States. Asian Americans on the other hand are perceived to be ideal