This process makes community members more responsible, organized, united, and empowered. It also promotes health lifestyles, reduces poverty, and creates employment (Gilchrist 2009, 43).
The goal of community development is to improve the quality of life. Effective community development results in mutual benefit and shared responsibility among community members. The endeavour of the community development process acknowledges the interconnectedness of economic, social, cultural, and environmental factors. Additionally, the endeavour also appreciates the diversity of interests within a community and the role of capacity building in improving the quality of life. The values of community development include learning, equality, participation, cooperation, and social justice. Community development operates under the principles of collaboration, responsiveness, equity, capacity building, and inclusiveness (Gilchrist & Taylor 2011, 54).
Social exclusion happens at different levels including individual, community and professional levels. An example of a community development activity that reduces social exclusion and reduces inequalities in health would be one that seeks to counter social exclusion of persons living with physical disabilities. The process starts with identifying the indicators of social exclusion such as being left out from social events and not being mentioned in social talks. Community members can also express shame when being associated with persons living with disabilities and they might take them to hospitals to get necessary help like other people who do not have disabilities (Lee 2006, 42).
After identifying these indicators and establishing that social exclusion exists, community development practitioners proceed to raising awareness about the situation. Community development practitioners provokes community members to be dissatisfied and inspires them to aspire for a situation where they can live with persons