Q2. Class inequality is an inherent part of the society. The society is stratified based on social class, where each social class has varying access to resources. Social classes are defined on the basis of statuses within the society. The student is correct to some extent because all people have opportunities. However, the number of opportunities available for each class differs. Consequently, those in higher stratum of the social structure have more advantage compared to those at the base of the social structure in that they have plenty of opportunities compared with the latter. Moreover, statuses can either be ascribed or achieved. Ascribed status is that which an individual can never escape from ascribed status. As such, one can work hard to achieve a higher social rank within a group or society, but that does not separate him or her from his ascribed status.
Q3. Ethnocentrism maintains order within the society. It promotes group solidarity because it makes people to believe that their ways are superior to those of other groups (Andersen and Taylor 67). It creates high level of loyalty among group members, promoting the spirit of comradeship. Ethnocentrism discourages cooperation between different groups within the society. By emphasizing that a group’s ways are superior to others’, it hampers interaction between members of separate groups. Positive ethnocentrism is an obstacle to change because it perpetuates status quo (Andersen and Taylor 67). Ethnocentrism promotes racial tension in the society (Andersen and Taylor 68). Nonetheless, conflict within the society drives social change, thus ethnocentrism is a crucial social change agent.
Q4. People have different relationships in their lives. Every relationship is guided by specific rules distinct from other types of relationships. The type of a relationship will dictate how the parties to the